The island of Cyprus has an affluent and varied history, with many conquerors, but Cyprus has managed to create a combination of a modern architecture surrounded by the ruins of the past. Cyprus was first inhabited in 10,500 – 8,400 B.C., by great civilizations, including Egyptians, Assynans, Greeks, Romans, and Arabs have all left their influence on the island, and on the Cypriot culture.
The main area which unearthed many archaeological ruins, is Paphos, which lies on the west coast of the island. The whole district of Paphos is now designated as a Unesco heritage site, there you will find, ruins such as tombs, villas a fortress with Roman mosaics. The House of Dionysos, which is a preserved ruin of a Roman villa dating to the 2nd century. The Forty columns Fortress, which are remains of Byzantine era, a castle with granite columns and stone archways. Tombs of the Kings from the 4th century, and many more.
The village of Choirokitia has exhumed the 1st recorded permanent housing on the island, an establishment of communities and development of an original civilisation from the Aceramic Neolithic period. The restoration and upgrading of old buildings started around 1990, the Government felt it necessary to introduce the “preserved” buildings concept as many old stone buildings were being demolished for the land and the stone sold. Subsidies in the form of hard cash and income tax relief, were introduced. Cyprus culture can be evident in new buildings which have been built using the ancestral stone works, bringing a traditional twist to the modern.
Amathunta, to the east of Limassol dates to 1100 B.C, and was founded by King Kinaras, here you will see tombs dating back to the Iron Age. Kourion, west of Limassol is well known for its mosaics and grand mansions and yards. It is dated to the 4th century A.D and boasts an ancient Kourion theatre which is still used today for musical and theatrical events. Limassol is a leader in modern architecture with amazing complexes and building appearing on its sky line.
The archaeological site of Kition includes two locations, Kathari and Pamboula and are within the city of Larnaca, surrounded by the hustle of everyday life. In Kathari the early phases of housing and worship together with copper work shops were found, dated back from the 13th century B.C (Bronze Age).
The Venetian walls of the capital Nicosia were defensive walls, built in the Middle Ages and rebuilt in the mid- 16th century by the Republic of Venice, they are the best-preserved Renaissance fortifications in the Eastern Mediterranean. The remnants of the wall now nestle between offices, shops and residential building.
With all this archaeology and foundations set, Cyprus is now looking forward to the future of buildings. The fist tallest structure in Cyprus was built in 1996 and was only 62 metres high. There is now a new look to Cyprus’s cities, just in Limassol alone developers have submitted a total of 52 applications for the construction of high rise developments.
Architecture in Cyprus has also won many European and International awards, in 2017 three companies won the International Property Award in their categories.
Cyprus is a prime example of its heritage still playing an important role in its modern life. Cyprus real estate has recently taken a new direction, with many investors seeing its potential.
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